The Swedish Energy Agency has funded research related to the Indonesian energy system. Here we collect some of the reports produced by universities, think tanks and institutes.


The Royal Institute of Techology (KTH) had a project on bioenergy, the INSISTS Sustainable Bioenergy Development in Indonesia.
INSISTS Sustainable Bioenergy Development in Indonesia –
Final report –

The research was performed between 2015 and 2020 and was also reported in Jakarta in March 2020 with a high-level policy seminar, arranged by the Indonesian Ministry for Foreign Affairs. See also a summary for policy makers.

Renewable energy policy

The International Institute for Sustainable Development is a global award winning think tank working on sustainable development, including just transition to low-carbon economies. The Swedish Energy Agency has co-funded several research reports on fossil-fuel subsidies and renewable energy policies. Most recently a report on achieving Indonesia’s 23 per cent renewable energy target.
Getting to 23 Per Cent: Strategies to scale up renewables in Indonesia –

This was preceded by a report on missing the 23 per cent target and a report on financial support to the coal and renewables sectors respectively in Indonesia.
Missing the 23 Per Cent Target: Roadblocks to the development of renewable energy in Indonesia –
Financial Supports for Coal and Renewables in Indonesia –

Climate policy

The Swedish Energy Agency is responsible for the Swedish Government’s international climate investment programs. On this topic the Agency financed a pilot study on possible cooperation under the Paris Agreement’s article 6, regarding biogas waste banks.
Policy Brief Proposal for Biogas Waste Banks in Indonesia (PDF, 201 kB, new tab)

Waste management

The waste management systems in Indonesia are stressed for capacity. The landfill capacities are stretched to their limits in many places. The Swedish Energy Agency has supported the IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute and Business Sweden to work together with

  • The city of Probolinggo in East Java
  • The West Java Government

on developing waste management plans. These reports include information on current conditions, challenges and potentials, and also solutions.